OSCC tissue and cell lines(SCC090 and SCC25), plasma
We found that CASC2 was significantly downregulated in OSCC patients than in healthy controls. Downregulation of CASC2 distinguished OSCC patients from healthy controls. Local recurrence was observed in 26 out of 122 patients and no distant recurrence was observed during follow-up. Compared with pretreatment levels, plasma levels of CASC2 were significantly increased in patients with local recurrence than in patients without recurrence. Transfection of CASC2 expression vectors led to significantly inhibited tumor cell proliferation and reduced miRNA-21 expression levels.